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ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES[As per Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) scheme](Effective from the academic year 2015 -2016)SEMESTER - I/II

Subject Code - 15CIV18/15CIV28
IA Marks - 10
Number of Lecture Hours/Week - 02
Exam Marks - 40
Total Number of Lecture Hours - 25
Exam Hours - 02

Course Objectives:
 1. To identify the major challenges in environmental issues and evaluate possible solutions.
2. Develop analytical skills, critical thinking and demonstrate socio-economic skills for sustainable development.
3. To analyze an overall impact of specific issues and develop environmental management plan. 

Module - 1
Introduction: Environment - Components of Environment Ecosystem: Types & Structure of Ecosystem, Balanced ecosystem Human Activities – Food, Shelter, And Economic & Social Security.
2 Hours
Impacts of Agriculture & Housing Impacts of Industry, Mining & Transportation Environmental Impact Assessment, Sustainable Development. 3 Hours

Module - 2
Natural Resources, Water resources – Availability & Quality aspects, Water borne diseases & water induced diseases, Fluoride problem in drinking water Mineral resources, Forest Wealth Material Cycles – Carbon Cycle, Nitrogen Cycle & Sulphur Cycle.     2 Hours
Energy – Different types of energy, Conventional sources & Non Conventional sources of energy Solar energy, Hydro electric energy, Wind Energy, Nuclear energy, Biomass & Biogas Fossil Fuels, Hydrogen as an alternative energy.   3 Hours

Module -3
Environmental Pollution – Water Pollution, Noise pollution, Land Pollution, Public Health Aspects.      2 Hours
Global Environmental Issues: Population Growth, Urbanization, Land Management, Water & Waste Water Management.    3 Hours

Module -4
Air Pollution & Automobile Pollution: Definition, Effects – Global Warming, Acid rain & Ozone layer depletion, controlling measures.  3 Hours
Solid Waste Management, E - Waste Management & Biomedical Waste Management - Sources, Characteristics & Disposal methods.                2 Hours

Module - 5
Introduction to GIS & Remote sensing, Applications of GIS & Remote Sensing in Environmental Engineering Practices.  2 Hours
Environmental Acts & Regulations, Role of government, Legal aspects, Role of Non governmental Organizations (NGOs) , Environmental Education & Women Education.    
 3 Hours

Course Outcome:
Students will be able to,
1. Understand the principles of ecology and environmental issues that apply to air, land, and water issues on a global scale,
2. Develop critical thinking and/or observation skills, and apply them to the analysis of a problem or question related to the environment,
3. Demonstrate ecology knowledge of a complex relationship between biotic and abiotic components
4. Apply their ecological knowledge to illustrate and graph a problem and describe the realities that managers face when dealing with complex issues

Text Books:
1. Benny Joseph (2005), “Environmental Studies”, Tata McGraw – Hill Publishing Company Limited. 
2. R.J.Ranjit Daniels and Jagadish Krishnaswamy, (2009), “Environmental Studies”, Wiley     India Private Ltd., New Delhi.
3. R Rajagopalan, “Environmental Studies – From Crisis to Cure”, Oxford University     Press, 2005, 
4. Aloka Debi, “Environmental Science and Engineering”, Universities Press (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2012. 

Reference Books:
1. Raman Sivakumar, “Principals of Environmental Science and Engineering”, Second     Edition, Cengage learning Singapore, 2005
2. P. Meenakshi, “Elements of Environmental Science and Engineering”, Prentice Hall     of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2006
3. S.M. Prakash, “Environmental Studies”, Elite Publishers Mangalore, 2007 
4. Erach Bharucha, “Text Book of Environmental Studies”, for   UGC, University press, 2005
5. G.Tyler Miller Jr., “Environmental Science – working with the Earth”, Tenth Edition, Thomson Brooks /Cole, 2004
6. G.Tyler Miller Jr., “Environmental Science – working with the Earth”, Eleventh      Edition,  Thomson Brooks /Cole, 2006

7. Dr.Pratiba Sing, Dr.AnoopSingh and Dr.Piyush Malaviya, “Text Book of Environmental and Ecology”, Acme Learning Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.  

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