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ELEMENTS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS[As per Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) scheme](Effective from the academic year 2015 -2016)SEMESTER - I/II

Subject Code - 15CIV13/23 
IA Marks - 20
Number of Lecture Hours/Week - 04
Exam Marks - 80
Total Number of Lecture Hours - 50
Exam Hours - 03

COURSE OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this course is to make students to learn basics of Civil
Engineering concepts and infrastructure development, solve problems involving
Forces, loads and Moments and know their applications in allied subjects. It is a
pre-requisite for several courses involving Forces, Moments, Centroids, Moment
of inertia and Kinematics.

Module 1: Introduction to Civil Engineering &Engineering Mechanics
Introduction to Civil Engineering
Scope of different fields of Civil Engineering - Surveying, BuildingMaterials, Construction Technology, Geotechnical Engineering,Structural Engineering, Hydraulics, WaterResources and Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering. 01 hour

Infrastructure: Types of infrastructure, Role of Civil Engineer in the Infrastructural Development, Effect of the infrastructural facilities onsocio-economic development of a country. 01 hour
Roads: Classification of Roads and their functions, Comparison of Flexible and Rigid Pavements (Advantages and Limitations) 01 hour
Bridges: Types of Bridges and Culverts, RCC, Steel and Composite Bridges 01 hour
Dams: Different types of Dams based on Material, Structural behavior and functionality with simple sketches. 01 hour

Introduction to Engineering Mechanics:  Basic idealizations - Particle, Continuum and Rigid body; Newton's laws,Force and its characteristics, types of forces-Gravity, Lateral and its distribution on surfaces, Classification of force systems, Principle of physical independence, superposition, transmissibility of forces, 02 hour
Introduction to SI units.
Couple, Moment of a couple, Characteristics of couple, Moment of a force, Equivalent force - Couple system; Numerical problems on moment of forces and couples, on equivalent force - couple system.
03 hour

Module 2:  Analysis of Concurrent Force Systems
Concepts: Resultants and Equilibrium
Composition of forces - Definition of Resultant; Composition of coplanar -concurrent force system, Parallelogram Law of forces, Principle of resolved parts;  03 hour

Numerical problems on composition of coplanar concurrent force
systems. Equilibrium of forces - Definition of Equilibrant; Conditions of static
equilibrium for different force systems, Lami's theorem; Numerical problems on equilibrium of coplanar – concurrent and non-concurrent force systems. 03 hour

Application- Static Friction in rigid bodies in contact
Types of friction, Laws of static friction, Limiting friction, Angle of friction, angle of repose; Impending motion on horizontal and inclined planes;  Numerical Problems on single and two blocks on inclined planes 02 hour

Module - 3 Analysis of Non-Concurrent Force Systems
 Concepts: Resultants and Equilibrium
Composition of coplanar - non-concurrent force system, Varignon's principle of moments; Numerical problems on composition of coplanar non-concurrent Force system. 05 hour

Application-Support Reaction in beams
Types of Loads and Supports, statically determinate beams, Numerical problems onsupport reactions for statically determinate beams with Point load (Normal and inclined) and uniformly distributed and uniformly varying loads and Moments. 05 hour

Module 4 Centroids and Moments of Inertia of Engineering Sections:
Introduction to the concept, centroid of line and area, centroid of basic geometrical figures, computing centroid for– T, L, I, Z and full/quadrant circular sections and their built up sections. Numerical problems 05 hour
Moment of Inertia
Introduction to the concept, Radius of gyration, Parallel axis theorem, Perpendicular axis theorem, Moment of Inertia of basic planar figures, computing moment of Inertia for – T, L, I, Z and full/quadrant circular sections and their built up sections. Numerical problems
05 hour

Module 5: Kinematics
Concepts and Applications
Definitions – Displacement – Average velocity – Instantaneous velocity – Speed – Acceleration - Average acceleration – Variable acceleration – Acceleration due to gravity – Newton’s Laws of Motion.
02 hour

Rectilinear Motion–Numerical problems. 02 hour  
Curvilinear Motion – Super elevation – ProjectileMotion – Relative motion – Numerical problems.
03 hour

Motion under gravity – Numerical problems. 03 hour

After a successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
1. Know basics of Civil Engineering, its scope of study, knowledge about Roads, Bridges and Dams; 2. Comprehend the action of Forces, Moments and other loads on systems of rigid bodies; 3. Compute the reactive forces and the effects that develop as a result of the external loads; 4. Locate the Centroid and compute the Moment of Inertia of regular crosssections. 5. Express the relationship between the motion of bodies and 6. Equipped to pursue studies in allied courses in Mechanics.

Question Paper Pattern:
• 10 Questions are to be set such that 2 questions are selected from each module. • 2 Questions are to be set under respective modules. • Intra module questions are to be set such that the questions should cover the entire module and further, should be answerable for the set marks. • Each question should be set for 16 marks (Preferably 8 marks each) • Not more than 3 sub questions are to be set under any main question • Students should answer 5 full questions selecting at least 1 from each module.

1. Elements of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics by M.N. Shesha
Prakash and Ganesh. B. Mogaveer, PHI Learning, 3rd Revised edition (2014)
2. Engineering Mechanics-Statics and Dynamics by A Nelson, Tata McGraw Hill
Education Private Ltd, New Delhi, 2009.
3. Elements of Civil Engineering (IV Edition) by S.S. Bhavikatti, New Age
International Publisher, New Delhi, 3rd edition 2009.
1. Engineering Mechanics by S.Timoshenko,D.H.Young, and J.V.Rao, TATA
McGraw-Hill Book Company, New Delhi
2. Beer FP and Johnson ER, “Mechanics for Engineers- Dynamics and
Statics”- 3rd SI Metric edition, Tata McGraw Hill. - 2008
3. Shames IH, “Engineering Mechanics – Statics & Dynamics”- PHI – 2009



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