BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
[As per Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) scheme]
(Effective from the academic year 2015 2016) SEMESTER  I/II
Number of Lecture Hours/Week 04 Exam Marks 80
Total Number of Lecture Hours 50 Exam Hours 03
Credits  04
Course objectives:
 Impart a basic knowledge of electrical quantities such as current, voltage, power, energy and frequency to understand the impact of technology in a global and societal context.
 Provide working knowledge for the analysis of basic DC and AC circuits used in electrical and electronic devices.
 Develop selection skill to identify the type of generators or motors required for particular application.
 Highlight the importance of transformers in transmission and distribution of electric power.
 Emphasize the effects of electric shock and precautionary measures.
 Improve the ability to function on multidisciplinary teams.
Module 1
D C circuits: Ohm’s Law and Kirchhoff’s Laws, analysis of series, parallel and series parallel circuits excited by independent voltage sources. Power and Energy. Illustrative examples. 5 Hours Electromagnetism:
Review of field around a conductor and coil, magnetic flux and flux density, magnetomotive force and magnetic field intensity, reluctance and permeability, definition of magnetic circuit and basic analogy between electric and magnetic circuits. (These topics are not to be considered for setting the examination questions).
Electromagnetic induction: Definition of Electromagnetic Induction, Faradays Laws, Fleming’s right hand rule, Lenz’s Law, Statically and dynamically induced emf. Selfinductance, mutual inductance and coefficient of coupling. Energy stored in magnetic field. Illustrative examples. Force on current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field, Fleming’s left hand rule. 5Hours
Module 2
DC Machines: Working principle of DC machine as a generator and a motor. Types and constructional features. Types of armature windings, Emf equation of generator, relation between induced emf and terminal voltage with a mention of brush contact drop and drop due to armature reaction. Illustrative examples, neglecting armature reaction. Operation of DC motor, back emf, torque equation. Types of DC motors, characteristics and applications. Significance of back emf. Necessity of a starter for DC motor. Illustrative examples on back emf and torque. 7 Hours
Measuring Instruments: Construction and Principle of operation of dynamometer type wattmeterand single phase induction type energy meter.
3 Hours
Module  3
Singlephase AC circuits: Generation of sinusoidal voltage, frequency of generated voltage, definition and numerical values of average value, root
mean square value, form factor and peak factor of sinusoidally varying
quantities, phasor representation of alternating quantities. Analysis, with
phasor diagrams, of R, L, C, RL, RC and RLC circuits and, parallel and
series parallel circuits. Real power, reactive power, apparent power and power
factor. Illustrative examples. 7 Hours
Domestic wiring:
Service mains, meter board and distribution board. Brief discussion on
concealed conduit wiring. Twoway and threeway control. Elementary
discussion on Circuit protective devices: fuse and Miniature Circuit Breaker
(MCB’s). Electric shock, precautions against shock, Objectives of Earthing,
types of earthing; pipe and plate earthing, Residual current circuit breaker
(RCCB). 3 Hours
Module 4
Three Phase Circuits: Necessity and advantages of three phase systems, generation of three phase power. Definition of Phase sequence, balanced supply and balanced load. Relationship between line and phase values of balanced star and delta connections. Power in balanced threephase circuits, measurement of power by twowattmeter method. Determination power factor using wattmeter readings. Illustrative examples. 6 Hours Three PhaseSynchronous Generators: Principle of operation, Types and constructional features, Advantages of rotating field type alternator, Synchronous speed, Frequency of generated voltage, Emf equation. Concept of winding factor (excluding the derivation of distribution and pitch factors). Illustrative examples on calculation of distribution factor, pitch factor and emf equation. 4 Hours
Module5
Single Phase Transformers: Necessity of transformer, Principle of operation and construction of single phase transformers (core and shell types). Emf equation, losses, variation losses with respect to load, efficiency, Condition for maximum efficiency, Voltage regulation and its significance (Open Circuit and Short circuit tests, equivalent circuit and phasor diagrams are excluded). Illustrative problems on emf equation and efficiency only. 6 Hours
Three Phase Induction Motors: Principle of operation, Concept and
production of rotating magnetic field, Synchronous speed, rotor speed, Slip,
Frequency of the rotor induced emf, Types and Constructional features. Slip
and its significance. Applications of squirrel  cage and slip  ring motors.
Necessity of a starter, starting of motor using starsdelta starter. Illustrative
examples on slip calculations. 4 Hours
Course outcomes:
After the completion of the course, the student should be able
• To predict the behaviour of electrical and magnetic circuits.
• Select the type of generator / motor required for a particular application.
• Realize the requirement of transformers in transmission and distribution of electric power and other applications.
• Practice Electrical Safety Rules & standards.
• To function on multidisciplinary teams.
Question paper pattern:
• The question paper will have ten questions.
• Each full Question consisting of 16 marks
• There will be 2 full questions(with a maximum of four sub questions) from each module.
• Each full question will have sub questions covering all the topics under a module.
• The students will have to answer 5 full questions, selecting one full question from each module.
Text Books


Basic
Electrical Engineering

D.
C. Kulshreshtha

TMH

1^{st}
Edition, Revised


Electrical
Technology

Edward
Hughes

Pearson

10th Edition, 2014


ReferenceBooks


Fundamentals
of Electrical Engineering

Rajendra
Prasad

PHI

Third
Edition 2014


Basic Electrical
Engineering

AbhijitChakrabarti,
Chandan Kumar Chanda,
Sudiptanath

TMH,

1st Edition 2010


Fundamentals of Electrical
Engineering
and Electronics

B.
L. Theraja

S. Chand &
Company
Ltd

Reprint
Edition 2013

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